Haglund's Deformity - bump on the back of the heel

Extra bump on the foot

Extra bump on the foot An extra bump can be present on the foot for various reasons. Some can be the way the foot structure is from genetics, and some can develop over time. The more common bumps that are…
Navicular stress fracture location

Stress Fractures

Stress Fractures Stress fractures are injuries to the bone caused by repetitive stress to the area. This stress can be from direct force, or from the pull of a muscle/tendon. When the body is not able to heal itself fast…
Location of the cuboid from the bottom of the foot.

Cuboid Syndrome

What is Cuboid Syndrome? Cuboid syndrome occurs when the cuboid bone has shifted out of place. The cuboid bone is located on the outside of the foot, in the small dip after the heel bone. The bone may shift to…
Bottom of the feet

How Diabetics Can Protect Their Feet

How Diabetics Can Protect Their Feet It is important for diabetics to be aware of their feet, as they can develop complications which can affect the feet. Even if your diabetes is under control, it is still important to look…
IT Band Syndrome, pain location at the femoral condyle

Illiotibial (IT) Band Syndrome

Illiotibial (IT) Band Syndrome What is Illiotibial (IT) Band Syndrome? First, it is important to know about the Illiotibial (IT) band. The IT band It is a structure that connects to muscles around the outside of the hip, and to…
Tibialis anterior muscle and tendon location

Anterior Tibialis Muscle Pain

Anterior Tibialis Muscle Pain What is Anterior Tibialis Muscle Pain? The anterior tibialis muscle pain comes from the muscle, which lies at the front of the lower leg, and attaches to the top of the foot. Pain in this area…
Collapsed foot arch with the toes pointing out

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)   What is Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)? Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) occurs when the tibialis posterior muscle is not functioning properly. This muscle originates on the inside of the lower leg (tibia), travels…
The left hip is lower than the right which causes a leg length discrepancy.

Leg Length Discrepancy

Leg Length Discrepancy What is it? A leg length discrepancy is when one leg is shorter than the other. This can be a structural or a functional difference, which are both treated differently. A structural difference occurs when one leg…
Foot pronation leading to internal rotation of the leg, which is pointing the knee inwards.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) What is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome? Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is pain at the patellofemoral joint. This joint is the contact point between the knee cap (patella) and the upper leg bone (femur). The knee cap (patella)…

Calcaneal Fat Pad Contusion/Fat Pad Syndrome

Calcaneal Fat Pad Contusion/Fat Pad Syndrome   What is it? Calcaneal fat pad contusion, or fat pad syndrome, occurs when the fat pad under the heel becomes irritated. There is a fat pad that sits under the heel to protect…