Tibialis anterior muscle and tendon location

Anterior Tibialis Muscle Pain

Anterior Tibialis Muscle Pain What is Anterior Tibialis Muscle Pain? The anterior tibialis muscle pain comes from the muscle, which lies at the front of the lower leg, and attaches to the top of the foot. Pain in this area…
The outside of the lower leg, which is the location of the peroneal muscle.

Peroneal Muscle Pain

Peroneal Muscle Pain What is Peroneal Muscle Pain? Peroneal muscle pain occurs at the peroneal muscle, which is the term for the group of muscles on the outside of the lower leg. Pain in this area can be confused with…
A high arch

Pes Cavus (High Arch)

Pes Cavus (High Arch) What is it? Pes cavus (high arch) is when the arch on the inside of the foot is higher than what would be considered normal. This pes cavus (high arch) may be flexible, leading to a…
Pain location of shin spints: the the lower two thirds of the lower leg.

Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome) What is it? Shin splints, or Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS) is characterized by pain in on the inside of the lower leg, specifically in the lower two thirds (see figure 1). Overuse and…
Left foot with a moderately low arch

Pes Planus (Flat Feet)

Pes Planus (Flat Feet) What is it? Pes planus or flat feet is when the arch on the inside of the foot is lower than what would be considered normal. This may be worse on one foot compared to the…
Top of feet with toes spread apart

Calluses and Corns

Calluses and Corns What are Calluses and Corns? Calluses and corns are thickened areas of the skin. This thickened skin is a response to an area of higher pressure or shear. To protect the skin, the body responds by thickening…
Viewing the top of the foot with a bunion and hallux valgus deformities

Bunion and Hallux Valgus

Bunion and Hallux Valgus What are Bunions? Bunions are a bony deformity on the side of the big toe joint (1st MTP joint). It can be accompanied with or without the deviation of the toe (hallux valgus). When the bunion…

Bone Spurs in the Foot

Bone Spurs in the Foot What is a bone spur? A bone spur is a bone growth on a structure attaching to the bone. This structure may be a tendon, which attaches the muscle to the bone, or growth on…

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common diagnoses that I see in the clinic. It can be quite debilitating and affect day to day life. What exactly is this fasciitis, and how do you get rid of…